Healthy Eating Tips for Prostate Health
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The risk for developing prostate cancer increases with age. According to the Prostate Cancer Foundation, approximately 60 percent of prostate cancer cases are found in men over the age of 65, and 95 percent of cases are found in men 50 years or older.
Other non-modifiable risk factors include race, family history and geographic location. African-American men are more at risk than Caucasian men. Family history plays a role, with men being twice as likely to develop prostate cancer if they have a father or brother who has had the disease. Globally, prostate cancer is most common in North America. The reasoning for this is not known, but the Western lifestyle and diet is thought to be a factor.
While there currently is no proven way to prevent prostate cancer, steps do exist to help reduce your risk. Maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and physical activity may help prevent prostate cancer.
Healthy habits for cancer prevention:
- Consume more plant-based foods. The American Cancer Society emphasizes a diet rich in plant-based foods for cancer prevention. This consists of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, beans and legumes and various nuts and seeds.
- Fruits and vegetables contain many anti-inflammatory and antioxidant phytochemicals that have been associated with decreased risks of developing many types of cancers. Aim to eat at least 2 ½ cups of a variety of fruits and vegetables each day.
- Whole grains are a good source of fiber, and high fiber intake has been shown to help decrease the risk of developing many types of cancer.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Excess weight has been associated with an increased risk for many cancers. Looking specifically at prostate cancer, men who are obese or overweight may have a higher risk for developing aggressive forms of prostate cancer.
- Limit the amount of fat from animal products and high-fat dairy. Consuming a large amount of high-fat dairy products (for example, full-fat cheese and butter) and red meat (for example, beef, lamb and pork) may increase your risk of prostate cancer.
- Stay active. Research has shown physical activity may help reduce the risk of advanced stage prostate cancer. Check with your doctor before starting an exercise routine.
For more information about Cooper Clinic Nutrition Services and the specialized programs offered, visit cooperclinicnutrition.com or call 972.560.2655.
Article provided by Melissa Manni, Oklahoma State University student, and Cooper Clinic Nutrition Services.